Local File Inclusion (LFI) in usememos/memos
Apr 26th 2023
The vulnerability in the code is a Local File Inclusion (LFI) vulnerability. It allows an attacker to read arbitrary files on the server by exploiting a flaw in the code that allows the attacker to manipulate the "InternalPath" parameter in a request to include files from the server's file system. The attacker can use this vulnerability to read sensitive files on the server, such as configuration files, databases, and other files that contain sensitive information. This vulnerability can be exploited remotely, and it can have severe consequences, including data theft, server compromise, and loss of confidential information.
Proof of Concept
The impact of a successful exploitation of Local File Inclusion (LFI) vulnerability can be severe. An attacker can use LFI to access sensitive files, such as system files, configuration files, or application files that contain sensitive information like credentials, private keys, or other critical data. The attacker can use this information to further exploit the system, launch more attacks, or steal sensitive data.
In some cases, LFI can also lead to Remote Code Execution (RCE), allowing an attacker to execute arbitrary code on the target system, which can result in complete compromise of the system.
Additionally, an attacker can also use LFI to launch other attacks like Directory Traversal, Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF), or Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, which can further compromise the system or disrupt its normal operation.
Overall, LFI is a serious vulnerability that can lead to significant security risks and must be addressed immediately.