Multiple Reflected XSS Vulnerabilities in error handlers in zadam/trilium


Reported on

Jun 28th 2022


Multiple routing error handlers are vulnerable to reflected XSS.

Proof of Concept

Deploy trilium server and access to these endpoint will execute the alert js function.



According to OWASP:

XSS can cause a variety of problems for the end user that range in severity from an annoyance to complete account compromise. The most severe XSS attacks involve disclosure of the user’s session cookie, allowing an attacker to hijack the user’s session and take over the account. Other damaging attacks include the disclosure of end user files, installation of Trojan horse programs, redirect the user to some other page or site, or modify presentation of content. An XSS vulnerability allowing an attacker to modify a press release or news item could affect a company’s stock price or lessen consumer confidence. An XSS vulnerability on a pharmaceutical site could allow an attacker to modify dosage information resulting in an overdose.





We are processing your report and will contact the zadam/trilium team within 24 hours. 2 months ago
Khang Vo (doublevkay) modified the report
a month ago
We have contacted a member of the zadam/trilium team and are waiting to hear back a month ago
We have sent a follow up to the zadam/trilium team. We will try again in 7 days. a month ago
a month ago


Hi, thanks for reporting this. This has been fixed in 0.52.4 and 0.53.1-beta by using correct content-type (text/plain).

Fortunately, this is quite difficult to exploit given that Trilium is deployed on the user's server, attacker needs the URL address of the user's server and their contact (to send personalized malicious link).

zadam modified the Severity from High (7.3) to Medium (6.4) a month ago
The researcher has received a minor penalty to their credibility for miscalculating the severity: -1
zadam validated this vulnerability a month ago
Khang Vo (doublevkay) has been awarded the disclosure bounty
The fix bounty is now up for grabs
The researcher's credibility has increased: +7
zadam confirmed that a fix has been merged on 3faae6 a month ago
The fix bounty has been dropped
routes.js#L125 has been validated
routes.js#L101 has been validated
routes.js#L86 has been validated
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