Use of a Broken or Risky Cryptographic Algorithm in emoncms/emoncms
Jul 10th 2021
mt_rand is used to generate verification keys, API keys (both read & write), and even hash salts, this function is cryptographically flawed due to its nature being one pseudorandomness, an attacker can take advantage of the cryptographically insecure nature of this function to disclose critical information for accounts that are not under his/her control
🕵️♂️ Proof of Concept
Numerous examples and attack implementations can be found in this paper .
If you're looking for a practical tool that can crack your
mt_rand implementation's seed value, see this project and run the following commands in a console with
php5 and OpenWall's tool installed:
root$ php -r 'mt_srand(13333337); echo mt_rand( ), "\n";'
After that, copy the output (
1863134308) and execute the following commands:
root$ gcc php_mt_seed.c -o php_mt_seed root$ ./php_mt_seed 1863134308
After waiting ~1 minute you should have a few possible seeds corresponding to their PHP versions, next to your installed PHP version you should see something akin to:
seed = 0x00cb7359 = 13333337 (PHP 7.1.0+)
Hey, that's your seed!
The impact of this appears significant (at least it does to me), some examples of what could be done include:
- An attacker could use other peoples' api keys by generating them.
- An attacker could render your salting process useless by enumerating your salts.
No problem, thanks for getting this fixed!